Diabetes is a serious disease that can develop from the lack of insulin production in the body or due to the inability of the body’s insulin to perform its normal everyday functions. Insulin is a substance produced from the pancreas gland that helps process the food we eat and turn it into energy.
Of the twenty million Americans with diabetes, it has been estimated that 25% will develop foot problems related to the disease. Diabetic foot conditions develop from a combination of causes, including poor circulation and neuropathy. Those suffering from neuropathy can develop minor cuts, scrapes, blisters, or pressure sores that may not be felt due to intensity. If these minor injuries are left untreated, complications may result and lead to ulceration and possibly even amputation. Neuropathy can also cause deformities such as Bunions, Hammer Toes, and Charcot Feet.
Diabetes often leads to peripheral vascular disease, which inhibits a person’s blood circulation. Poor circulation contributes to diabetic foot problems by reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrition supplied to the skin and other tissue, therefore inhibiting the healing of injuries. Poor circulation can also lead to swelling and dryness of the foot. Preventing foot complications is more critical for the patient with diabetes since poor circulation impairs the healing process and can lead to ulcers, infections, and other serious foot conditions.
Your Daily Care
It is very important for those with diabetes to take the necessary precautions to prevent all foot-related injuries. Due to the consequences of neuropathy, daily observation of the feet is critical. By taking the necessary preventative footcare measures, you can help reduce the risks of serious foot conditions.