Diabetes is a serious disease that can develop from a lack insulin production in the body – or the inability of insulin to perform its normal everyday functions. Insulin is produced by the pancreas to help process the food we eat and turn it into energy.
Of the 20 million Americans with diabetes, an estimated 25% will develop related foot problems. These conditions arise from a combination of causes, including poor circulation and neuropathy (nerve damage). Due to insensitivity, minor cuts, scrapes, blisters or pressure sores may not be felt. If left untreated, complications may result and lead to ulceration and possibly even amputation. Neuropathy can also cause deformations such as bunions, “hammer toes” and “charcot feet.”
Diabetes often leads to peripheral vascular disease, which inhibits blood circulation. Poor circulation reduces the amount of oxygen and nutrition supplied to the skin and other tissue, therefore inhibiting the healing of injuries, and can also lead to swelling and dryness of the foot. Preventing foot complications is more critical for the patient with diabetes, since poor circulation impairs the healing process and can lead to ulcers, infection and other serious foot conditions.
Your Daily Care
It is very important for those with diabetes to take precautions against foot-related injuries. Given the consequences of neuropathy, daily observation of the feet is critical. By understanding some simple foot-care fundamentals and taking preventative measures, you can help reduce the risks.
Foot Health Do’s
- Inspect your feet daily for blisters, cuts and scratches. Always check between your toes.
- Wear shoes designed to protect feet from injury.
- Wash your feet daily and dry carefully.
- Avoid extreme temperatures. Test water with your hands or elbow before bathing.
- If your feet feel cold at night, wear socks.
- Inspect the sides of your shoes daily for foreign objects and rough areas.
- Shoes should be ﬁtted by a footcare specialist and comfortable at the time of purchase.
- See your physician regularly and be sure to have your feet examined at each visit.
Foot Health Don’t’s
- Don’t smoke.
- Don’t soak your feet in hot water.
- Don’t walk on hot surfaces such as sandy beaches or cement around swimming pools.
- Don’t walk barefoot.
- Don’t use chemical agents to remove corns and calluses.
- Don’t wear mended stocking and avoid stockings or socks with exposed seams.
- Don’t use oil or cream between your toes.
- Don’t wear sandals with thongs between the toes.
- Don’t cut corns or calluses; see your physician,
- Don’t wear shoes with pointed toe areas.
Recommended Footwear for Diabetes
Widely recognized as the #1 recommended footwear line for people with diabetes-related foot problems, these unique shoes have provided comfort, therapy and protection to millions of people throughout the world. Ambulators feature multiple removable insoles for triple depth and ﬁtting ﬂexibility, Hidden-Depth Rocker Soles, ﬁrm heel counters, high-toe boxes and much more.
Combining the latest research on biomechanics and the highest quality materials, Ambulators incorporate therapeutic features with contemporary styling for both casual and workplace environments. Originally designed to promote healing and encourage mobility, Ambulators are an option for anyone who wants maximum comfort and protection.
Aetrex Footwear combines the latest developments in pedorthics with state-of-the-art shoe design. These unique shoes offer innovative comfort and performance features to meet your individual footcare needs.
Created by a team led by renowned footwear designer Ruk Peterson, Aetrex provide a combination of stability, control and cushioning not seen in any other line. Each shoe incorporates Aetrex’s Patented Mozaic Customization Technology for easy customization, ﬁt and comfort.
Aetrex performance Footwear provides equal distribution of pressure throughout the gait cycle while maintaining the highest standards in comfort, breathability and overall support. With Aetrex, you can continue to live life your way, enjoying the activities you love most.
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